There are many times that a legal action needs to be initiated and the Defendant is nowhere to be found. They have left without no known address and there are not any people around that will assist you in finding them. In an instance such as this, service by publication may be permitted by a judge. This is when a judge allows you to publish the papers initiating the action in a newspaper or other publication. Before you get to the part where a judge will allow service by publication, you would have to show that you have exhausted all of your other remedies and this is one of the last resorts. We have recently found in an unusual circumstance that Courts in NYC have allowed service via facebook but service by publication is much more the norm. Exhausting all your remedies would include attempt personal service at the last known address or at the place of business. Trying to use substituted service is sometimes also allowed however if you cannot find the person then notice of publication would most likely be allowed. The notice of publication would set forth guidelines that the judge will determine and also allow a certain time-frame for it to be performed. The most common type of action that notice of publication is used is in real estate and divorce actions. Generally the notice must be published in the newspaper more than once, such as once a week for a number of weeks. When a certain time has lapsed since initial publication, such as 45 days the service can be deemed effectuated.
§ 315. Service by publication authorized. The court, upon motion without notice, shall order service of a summons by publication in an action described in section 314 if service cannot be made by another prescribed method with due diligence.
With respect to notice of publication, you can put the legal document (Initiating legal document) in a newspaper. It doesn’t matter if the publication is a local one or a large one like The Daily News. However, it would be more cost effective as small publications costs a fraction of what a publication with a bigger based would have. The idea is to give the defendant what is called constructive notice to the individual. The court would deem the service appropriate even if the newspaper is read by the defendant or not. Also it would be appropriate to put the publication in a publication where the defendant should have seen it. That would mean in a newspaper that would serve a region that the defendant has been known to live in the past.
Service of publication takes a few steps to get to. It would be appropriate to hire an experience process server to handle the steps before in order to show the Court that you have used the highest level of care before you ask for the publication option. DJ&H Process Service would be one that can assist you in your process service in NYC. Should you have any questions about service by publication or anything else, please call us at 718-843-1184. We are a licensed NYC based process service agency.